A 33-year-old American man has become the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unassisted.
Explorer Colin O’Brady finished in 53 days, ahead of British Army Captain Louis Rudd, 49, after an epic race across the ice.
Both men set out on 3 November to complete the journey, which killed a British ex-Army officer two years ago.
The 921-mile (1,482km) trek took them across the coldest continent on Earth in some of the most extreme conditions.
O’Brady, a pro-athlete who posts his milestones on social media, spoke to the BBC on one his harshest days.
“I’m tired, man. I’m exhausted, but I’m making steady progress every day,” he said from his satellite phone on 20 December – Day 47 – as he camped amid a storm and massive ridges of ice and snow known as sastrugi.
After a day which was like being “in the inside of a ping-pong ball” O’Brady said he was grateful to have negotiated the wavelike ridges of hard snow and ice in low visibility without having broken a leg.
“I’ve been dragging an almost 375lb (170kg) sled for 12-13 hours per day through the coldest harshest place in the world,” he said, adding that he had lost so much weight that his wristwatch had been slipping off and he is “scared” to look at his unclothed body.
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Day 47: THIS TOO SHALL PASS. After having my best day of the expedition yesterday, I nearly had my worst day today. I went to battle hard with my personal demons today. My anxiety started building last night after listening to a huge wind storm grow outside. The rattling of my tent kept me up and I began to get more and more nervous knowing I had to go out in it. I did my usual morning routine and then stepped into the madness. As expected, it was brutal. Blowing snow, sub zero temps and zero visibility. I packed off and headed out into the whiteout. I just entered a part of the route known as “Sastrugui National Park” aptly named for having the biggest sastrugui on the route. Pretty much the worse place to find yourself not being able to see where you are going. Due to the massive sastrugi, it’s also the one stretch where no plane can land so you are in dire straights if an emergency occurs. That really started playing on my mind after I fell hard 5 times in the first hour. What if I broke a bone or a ski? Maybe I should stop? I bargained with myself and finally decided I had to set my tent back up, less than two hours into the day. I told myself in my tent if I wanted to keep going that I could put on my long skins for better grip on the uneven surface and then continue. But I knew the effort it would take to put up the tent in a storm, it’s unlikely I was going any further. I fought to get the tent up, got inside with my skis, skins and stove, and put on my long skins. It was now decision time. Go back out? The voice in my head told me to stop, wait out the storm, rest. But the other voice told me I needed to keep moving forward or I’ll run out of food. My mind was ripping me apart. I closed my eyes and decided to meditate for a couple minutes repeating my favorite mantra: “This too shall pass.” One way or another I’d find my way out of this. Calmed and with renewed resolve I got back outside, fought to get my tent down and packed and continued onward. The storm outside never got any better, in fact it got progressively worse. However I managed to calm the storm in my mind and knock out 21.5 miles today. A great day all things considered.
A post shared by Colin O’Brady (@colinobrady) on Dec 19, 2018 at 5:40pm PST
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Race over ice
The two men set off from the Ronne Ice Shelf after poor weather delayed their start for several days.
Only days earlier they had met for the first time at a hotel bar in Chile and agreed to turn their separate attempts to cross solo and unaided into a formal competition.
Both men come from very different backgrounds. In 2008 O’Brady suffered severe burns to 25% of his body during a holiday in Thailand, leading doctors to tell him that he may never walk normally again.
He recovered and went on to race in triathlons before climbing each of the Seven Summits – the highest peaks on every continent.
He has also skied to both the north and south pole and hiked to the highest point in every US state.
Throughout it all, he has posted words of inspiration on Instagram, and used his satellite phone to take a question each night from one of the thousands of students who have followed his solo expedition.
Rudd, a father of three, was given leave from the military where he has spent his career, in order to train and attempt to make the crossing.
He was inspired to attempt the adventure after the death of his friend and colleague, Henry Worsely, along the same route.
Worsely died of an illness after he was rescued only 30 miles from the finish line – the Ross Ice Shelf.
In his daily dispatch from the ice on Christmas Eve, Rudd described carrying Worsely’s flag to the places that his friend had come so close to reaching.
“I’m carrying Henry’s flag… that he carried on all his journeys, and it’s really important to me that, this time, the flag goes all the way, and completes the journey right to the end,” he said, before completing his posts as he always does.
High, dry and cold
Antarctica is well-known as the coldest continent on Earth, but it is also the highest and driest.
The cold freezes all moisture, technically making the landscape a desert.
Mile-thick sheets of ice covering the continent also make it the highest average-elevation landmass with a peak that the men reach of 9,613ft.
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Day 41: I’VE GOT THE WHOLE WORLD IN MY HANDS!! Man trying to hold up the weight of the entire world from the bottom is quite heavy ?. Still riding high from my time at the South Pole yesterday. This is the “true geographic pole” whereas the photo from yesterday was taken at the ceremonial pole with all the flags of the signatory Antarctica treaty countries. You see the South Pole station is constantly moving around on the glacial ice here. So every year the location of the Pole has to be remeasured and the sign is moved. It moves about 30 ft per year, but they don’t move the ceremonial pole, just this sign. They are only about a five minute walk from each other, but of course you’ve got to celebrate and take pictures at both places. Another solid day today, adding 18 more miles to the bank and another day closer to reaching the other side of the continent. #TheImpossibleFirst #BePossible
A post shared by Colin O’Brady (@colinobrady) on Dec 13, 2018 at 5:32pm PST
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Sunlight, which shines 24 hours a day in the summer, O’Brady says, “is weird and disorienting but I actually kinda like it,” since it allows him to charge his solar panels.
The men must carry all the calories they will consume throughout the journey, a nearly impossible task considering their level of energy exertion, and boil ice and snow for all their drinking water.
Apart from occasionally spotting each other as specks on the horizon, they have seen very few forms of life.
At the South Pole, O’Brady says he saw some signs of life from the polar researchers stationed there, but was forbidden from accepting any help which would have prevented him from achieving his goal unaided.
Before bed, they each pack all their wet clothes into their sleeping bag, so they could use their body heat to dry the gear throughout the night.
But soon they will be back in their beds, looking back on their accomplishment and dreaming of the next previously-impossible goal.